Gujarati Language

What is Gujarati Language?

Gujarati language is an Indo-Aryan language with more than 70 million speakers worldwide. It is the sixth most widely spoken language in India and the twenty-sixth most widely spoken language in the world. Gujarati is commonly spoken in the Indian state of Gujarat and is also spoken in the neighboring states of Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh. There are a few small Gujarati-speaking communities in other parts of India, such as Delhi, Mumbai, and Kolkata. Gujarati is one of the 22 official languages and 14 regional languages of India.

Outside of India, Gujarati is spoken by a significant diaspora community in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia. There are also smaller Gujarati-speaking communities in other countries, such as South Africa, Kenya, and the Middle East.

Read more about Gujarati Alphabet and Gujarati Numbers

Gujarati Language

History of Gujarati Language

The Gujarati language traverses three key historical stages:

Old Gujarati (1200–1500 CE)

Spoken by the Gurjars across regions like Gujarat, Punjab, and Rajputana, Old Gujarati emerged in the 12th century. It featured distinctive elements and laid its grammatical foundation through “Prakrita Vyakarana,” authored by Acharya Hemachandra Suri.

Middle Gujarati

This transitional phase from Old to Modern Gujarati witnessed significant phonological changes, including the removal of the final ‘ə’ and the introduction of a new plural marker ‘-o.’

Modern Gujarati (1800–present)

The 19th century marked literary milestones, and standardization efforts in the 1920s solidified the modern form of Gujarati. This linguistic journey reflects adaptability amid diverse influences, cultural shifts, and societal changes.

Gujarati Speaking Countries

Tools Nepal Gujarati Language
Gujarati Speaking CountriesNumber of Speakers (Approx.)
United States1,520,000
United Kingdom864,000
South Africa40,000
New Zealand28,000

Different Dialects of Gujarati Language

Gujarati DialectRegionsCharacteristics
Standard GujaratiGujarat state, IndiaOfficial language; used in education, media, and formal settings; standardized form
SuratiSurat and surrounding areas, GujaratFeatures unique phonetics and vocabulary; influenced by historical trade connections
AhmedabadiAhmedabad and surrounding areas, GujaratInfluenced by Standard Gujarati; some local vocabulary and pronunciation variations
KathiawadiSaurashtra region, GujaratDialect of the Kathiawar Peninsula; distinct vocabulary and pronunciation
CharotariCharotar region, GujaratRegional variation with unique expressions; influenced by neighboring dialects
Anawla-AthpahariyaAnawla and Athpahariya regions, GujaratPredominantly spoken in rural areas; distinctive vocabulary and local influences
Parsi GujaratiParsi community, Gujarat and Mumbai (India)Unique vocabulary; influenced by Persian and historical Parsi culture
KakariKakar region, GujaratFeatures local variations in pronunciation and vocabulary; spoken in rural areas
GohilwadiBhavnagar district, GujaratLocal dialect with distinct phonetics; influenced by historical Gohil Rajput rule
GamthiGamthi region, GujaratRural dialect with unique expressions and vocabulary; influenced by local culture
Gujarati in East AfricaEast African Gujarati communitiesInfluenced by local languages; variations among Gujarati communities in East Africa

How to Learn Gujarati Fast?

To learn Gujarati quickly, practice with the fundamental Gujarati vocabulary available on our ToolsNepal blogs. You can begin by learning the Gujarati alphabet, numbers, and important words. Then move on to common phrases, create sentences, and improve your written and spoken skills. Once you’ve got the basics, you can use our Gujarati translation tool, Gujarati typing tool, and Gujarati Keyboard for extra practice.

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