Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by over 83 million people, primarily in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is also spoken in some parts of Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, and Telangana. Marathi is the official language of Maharashtra and is one of the 22 official languages of India.
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Structure of the Marathi Alphabet
Like in the English language, the Marathi language also has alphabets that are categorized as Vowels (स्वर) and Consonants (व्यंजने). Marathi consists of 48 Alphabets. In the present time the Marathi language is written and typed in the “Balbodh Devanagari” script nowadays, in the past “Kadamba script” was used for Marathi typing.
The vowel is a speech sound produced by humans when the breath flows out through the mouth without being blocked by the teeth, tongue, or lips. There are 12 letters in Marathi Vowels. Vowels are called “Svara” (स्वर) in Marathi.
12 vowels in Marathi – अ, आ, इ, ई, उ, ऊ, ए, ऐ, ओ, औ, अं (Anusvara), अ: (Visarg)
Note: Marathi language has got two new vowels ॲ and ऑ due to the use of English language. Now Marathi Vowels are 14 instead of 12.
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Consonants are pronounced by stopping the air from flowing easily through the mouth, especially by closing the lips or touching the teeth with the tongue. Consonants are known as “Vaynjane” (व्यंजने) in Marathi. Marathi Consonants consist of 36 letters given below
36 Consonants in Marathi – क, ख, ग, घ, ङ, च, छ, ज, झ, ञ, ट, ठ, ड, ढ, ण, त, थ, द, ध, न, प, फ, ब, भ, म , य, र, ल, व, श, ष, स, ह, ळ, क्ष, ज्ञ
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the Marathi alphabet called?
The Marathi alphabet is called Balbodh Devanagari.
How many alphabets are there in Marathi?
There are 14 vowels and 36 consonants in Marathi. Marathi Vowels are 14 instead of 12. So now Marathi Barakhadi is called as Marathi Chaudakhadi.
Learn More: Marathi Numbers