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The Malay alphabet, also known as the Rumi script, is the set of letters used to write the Malay language. Unlike the Jawi script, which is based on Arabic, the Malay alphabet uses the Latin script that you’re probably familiar with. In this simple guide, we’ll take a closer look at the Malay alphabet, exploring its letters, sounds, and how it’s used in everyday communication.
The Malay alphabet consists of 26 letters, just like the English alphabet. Here’s a quick rundown:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Each of these letters represents a sound, and when you combine them, you can create words that convey meaning.
It’s important to note that some sounds in Malay may be a bit different from English, but with practice, you’ll get the hang of it!
The Malay alphabet is not just a tool for communication; it also holds cultural importance. It’s widely used in everyday writing, from texting to official documents. In Malaysia, Brunei, and Singapore, it’s the official script for the Malay language. In Indonesia, it’s used alongside the traditional Jawi script.
- The Malay alphabet doesn’t use the letters Q, V, X, and Z in native words. These letters are mainly seen in loanwords from other languages.
- The alphabet underwent spelling reforms in 1972 in Indonesia and Malaysia to make the way words are written more consistent.
Learn More: Malay Numbers